Jul 13, 2020  
2017-2018 Undergraduate Catalog 
    
2017-2018 Undergraduate Catalog Archived Catalog

Course Descriptions


 

English

  
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    ENGL 3820 - Contemporary English Grammar


    (3) Credit Hours

    An introduction to the system phonological, morphological, syntactical of present-day American English. Emphasis on various recent presentations of this system.
  
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    ENGL 3830 - Writing Beyond the Academy


    (3) Credit Hours

    An intermediate writing course designed to offer theory and practice in writing for a variety of non-academic audiences; focus on audience awareness, document design, and clarity of prose. Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 3850 - Persuasion and Propaganda


    (3) Credit Hours

    A study of the powers and abuses of persuasion, using historical and contemporary examples. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4000 - Seminar in the Novel: Special Topics


    (3) Credit Hours

    A seminar in the senior year designed to integrate the student’s understanding of the novel as a genre. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4010 - Modern Poetry


    (3) Credit Hours

    On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4020 - Theatre and Feminism


    (3) Credit Hours

    Readings, discussion and writing about a wide variety of plays by modern feminist playwrights. On demand. Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 or UHON 1020 or department head approval. May be registered as THSP 4020 or WSTU 4020. Credit allowed in only one of the three courses. 
  
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    ENGL 4030 - Traditions of the Short Poem


    (3) Credit Hours

    Selected readings of short poems from Wyatt and Surrey to the present with an examination of related critical theory, and the major formats of the short poem.  Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4040 - Traditions in Short Fiction


    (3) Credit Hours

    Selected readings in short fiction starting with Poe and Balzac and continuing to the present, with emphasis on historical tradition, literary theory, and the genres of short fiction.  Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4110 - American Novel to 1900


    (3) Credit Hours

    Representative novels of American romanticism, realism, and naturalism. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4120 - American Novel Since 1900


    (3) Credit Hours

    On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4150 - Modern American Drama


    (3) Credit Hours

    Selected plays of representative dramatists with special emphasis on American drama since 1920. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4270r - Major American Figures


    (3) Credit Hours

    A reading course in the works of a major American writer or writers. Writers to be studied will be specified in the schedule of classes. On demand. Maximum credit 6 hours for the degree. May be registered as WSTU 4450r only when the content focuses on female authors.
  
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    ENGL 4310 - Early English Drama, Origins to 1642


    (3) Credit Hours

    The English drama as a literary type, its history and development from Medieval times to 1642, exclusive of Shakespeare. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4320 - Later English Drama, 1660-1800


    (3) Credit Hours

    Study of English drama from the Restoration through the 18th century. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4330 - Advanced Studies in Shakespeare


    (3) Credit Hours

    Special topics and advanced study of Shakespeare’s works with special attention to historical and cultural developments, as well as major critical trends. On demand. Prerequisites: ENGL 3340 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4340 - Development of the British Novel: from Defoe to George Eliot


    (3) Credit Hours

    The development of the British novel from its origins in the 18th century through George Eliot and her contemporaries. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4350 - The Modern British Novel


    (3) Credit Hours

    On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4430 - Africana Womanism


    (3) Credit Hours

    A study of Africana Womanism and African American and African women writers’ works representative of that ideology. Attention is given to the historical and cultural contexts that shaped this ideology, and to comparable ideologies such as Feminism and Black Feminism. May be registered as WSTU 4430. No credit in both ENGL 4430 and WSTU 4430. 
  
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    ENGL 4470r - Major British Figures


    (3) Credit Hours

    A reading course in the works of a major British writer or writers. Writers to be studied will be specified in the schedule of classes. Maximum credit 6 hours for the degree. On demand. 
  
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    ENGL 4620 - English As a Second Language


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course offers nonnative speakers intensive practice in listening, speaking, reading, and writing English. The course is designed to enhance the student’s academic course work in the areas of note taking, discussion, essay writing, research and documentation, and group presentation. Course will not apply to any undergraduate major or degree. 
  
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    ENGL 4650 - History of the English Language


    (3) Credit Hours

    A survey of the history of the English language, beginning with its Indo-European backgrounds, tracing the development of Old, Middle, and Modern English through major changes in vocabulary, sound, word formation, and syntax.
  
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    ENGL 4720r - Advanced Short Story Workshop


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course is designed to move students toward the production of short fiction of publishable quality. Students will present their own work to their peers to be critiqued and will be responsible for critiquing the works of others. Students will also be expected to read short story collections and works on craft as assigned. There will be required common as well as independent readings in contemporary short fiction. Maximum 9 hours will apply toward the degree. Prerequisites: 6 hours ENGL 3760r or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4800 - Grant Writing


    (3) Credit Hours

    An intensive seminar/workshop that introduces students to the grant writing process and provides them with experience writing actual grant proposals on behalf of local nonprofit organizations. Prerequisites: ENGL 2050 or department head approval. Junior or Senior standing. 
  
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    ENGL 4810 - Writing for Teachers


    (3) Credit Hours

    The study of theories of composition. Designed to improve the student’s writing as well as their abilities to critique writing, especially as potential teachers of writing. Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4820 - Writing with Style


    (3) Credit Hours

    An advanced writing course designed to offer practice in non-fiction writing with an emphasis on style, clarity, design, creativity, and attention to a variety of other rhetorical strategies. Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4830 - Theories and Methods of Argument


    (3) Credit Hours

    An advanced study in the theories and methods of argument. Students will review classical rhetoric and an Aristotelian model of persuasion with special emphasis on epideictic, deliberative, and forensic rhetorical classifications.
  
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    ENGL 4840 - Proposals, Articles and Technical Research


    (3) Credit Hours

    Proposal-writing as practiced in government, academic, business, and industry, grounded in persuasive theory. Students will also learn technical research skills and write several technical/scholarly articles. Spring semester. Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 or UHON 1020 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4850 - Women’s Rhetoric


    (3) Credit Hours

    A theoretical, historical, and, primarily, rhetorical examination of women’s discourse through the study of speeches, essays, and other rhetorical artifacts. Special attention will be given to the ways women have used traditional rhetorical strategies and how they have subverted this tradition and/or brought strategies from private life to bear on public discourses. On demand. Prerequisites: ENGL 1020 and ENGL 2050, or department head approval. May be registered as WSTU 4850. Credit not allowed in both ENGL 4850 and WSTU 4850. 
  
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    ENGL 4860 - Visual Rhetoric


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course explores the persuasive potential of images–icons, photographs, and video–in the construction of narrative and argument. Specifically, students in this course will analyze and interpret the symbolic significance of images, and they will produce rhetorical texts/artifacts that are primarily image-based. Prerequisites: ENGL 2050 or department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4870r - Major Issues in Rhetoric


    (3) Credit Hours

    An intensive seminar on a focused issue in rhetoric. Specific subject to be identified in the schedule of classes. Prerequisites: ENGL 2050 or department head approval. Open to English majors only; others with department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4880 - Digital Writing and Publishing


    (3) Credit Hours

    A study of digital writing and publishing combining historical, technological, and cultural lenses to explore contemporary theories of authorship, audience, and writing. Students also have opportunities to complete coursework using digital media.  Prerequisites: ENGL 2050 or department head approval to register for 4880. Junior or Senior standing. 
  
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    ENGL 4885 - Queer Theory


    (3) Credit Hours

    A theoretical, historical, and textual look at the intersection of discourses of sexuality and literary and rhetorical analysis. Emphasis will be placed on understanding a broad history and narrative of queer politics and culture. Spring semester. May be registered as ENGL 4885. No credit in both ENGL 4885 and WSTU 4885. 
  
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    ENGL 4910r - Writing Workshop


    (3) Credit Hours

    An advanced seminar in writing with individual projects in imaginative, expository, or critical writing. Approval of department head required to register for credit after 6 hours earned. On demand. Prerequisites: two writing courses above 1000 level. 
  
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    ENGL 4920r - Novel Writing Workshop


    (3) Credit Hours

    An advanced workshop in the craft, theory and practice of novel writing. Prerequisites: ENGL 3760r, 3650r, 3740r or 2700 or instructor approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4930r - Speculative Fiction Workshop


    (3) Credit Hours

    Instruction and practice in the writing of speculative fiction (e.g. science-fiction, fantasy, horror, magical realism, slipstream) with emphasis on composition, revision, craft, and audience. Approval of department head required to register for credit after 6 hours earned. Prerequisites: ENGL 3760r or 3750r or 3740r or 2700 or instructor approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4940r - Poetry Workshop


    (3) Credit Hours

    An advanced workshop in the craft, theory and practice of poetry writing. Prerequisites: ENGL 3760r, 3750r, 3740r or 2700 or instructor approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4950r - Collections of Short Prose Writing Workshop


    (3) Credit Hours

    An advanced workshop in the craft, theory and practice of writing collections of short prose. Prerequisites: ENGL 3760r, or 3750r or 3740r or 2700 or instructor approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4960r - Internship


    (3) Credit Hours

    The internship provides 150 hours of hands-on experience for the student who is interested in a career in business, industry, government, or non-profit agency. Students must apply for the internship during the semester previous to the intended internship experience. Student interns work for an average of 10 hours per week under the supervision of a professional in the Chattanooga area. Maximum 6 hours credit. Prerequisites: 18 hours of English credit in addition to English 1020, and approval of internship coordinator or department head approval. English majors or minors only.
  
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    ENGL 4970r - Special Topics in Literature and Language


    (3) Credit Hours

    An intensive study seminar on a focused theme or topic in literature or language. Specific subject to be identified in the schedule of classes. Open to English majors only; others with department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4980 - Senior Seminar: Special Topics


    (3) Credit Hours

    A course that satisfies the “Senior Capstone Requirement’ for English majors. Senior seminar emphasizes application and synthesis of student learning in the major as it focuses on themes/topics in literature, theory, creative writing, and/or rhetoric and composition. To be completed within 30 hours prior to graduation. Prerequisites: Department Head approval.Senior standing. 
  
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    ENGL 4994r - Departmental Practicum


    (3) Credit Hours

    A supervised practical application of major-related coursework that satisfies the “Senior Capstone Requirement” for English majors. Students enrolled in the Departmental Practicum may serve as editor-in-chief of the Sequoyah Review, as chair of the annual student-run English conference, or in approved departmental leadership roles. Students must submit an Individual Studies Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Prerequisites: Department head approval.  Senior standing. 
  
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    ENGL 4995r - Departmental Thesis


    (1-3) Credit Hours

    Requires University Honors approval. Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. 
  
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    ENGL 4997r - Research


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. Prerequisites: department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4998r - Individual Studies


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Maximum 3 hours for B.A. in English or B.S., Secondary English. Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. Prerequisites: department head approval. 
  
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    ENGL 4999r - Group Studies


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Maximum 6 hours toward the B.A. in English; maximum 3 hours toward the B.S., Secondary English. On demand. Prerequisites: department head approval. 

Entrepreneurship

  
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    ETR 1010 - Entrepreneurship and Society


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course explores the role of entrepreneurship in society as an engine of economic, social, and cultural development. Topics covered include: the entrepreneurial mindset; historical perspectives on entrepreneurship; sociological and psychological characteristics of the entrepreneur; the role of the entrepreneur in the economy; the nature of opportunity, uncertainty, and innovation; and the basic economics of founding for-profit and nonprofit organizations. The student is exposed to entrepreneurship as a tool for creating traditional and social ventures in the arts, sciences, business, and education. Fall and spring semesters. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 1999r - Special Projects


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Individual or group projects. Maximum credit 4 hours. On demand. Prerequisites: department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 3400 - Innovation and Creativity in Business


    (3) Credit Hours

    The development of creative thinking skills and creative approaches to decision making as they relate to innovation and the recognition of opportunity. Issues relevant to both entrepreneurial ventures and established businesses will be covered. Fall and spring semesters. Junior standing or department head approval. May also be registered as MGT 3400. No credit for both ETR and MGT 3400. Differential course fee will be asssessed. 
  
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    ETR 3500 - New Venture Creation


    (3) Credit Hours

    An in-depth study of the lifestyle of the entrepreneur. Actual business opportunities identified and evaluated with group feasibility projects. The relationship of the entrepreneur to the formation and growth of the enterprise. Fall and spring semesters. Junior Standing. May be registered as MKT 3500. No credit in both ETR 3500 and MKT 3500. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 3600 - Social Entrepreneurship


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course introduces students to the theory and practice of social entrepreneurship. Topics covered include: conceptualizing social entrepreneurship, identifying social and business opportunities, creating social-impact business models, choosing an organizational structure, developing strategic plans, measuring social and financial impact, and funding and scaling social ventures. Junior standing or department head approval. May be registered as MKT 3600. No credit in both ETR 3600 and MKT 3600. Differential course feel will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 3900r - Experiential Learning: Academic Internship Program


    (1-3) Credit Hours

    A supervised work experience designed to strengthen the student’s technical competencies and fundamental knowledge in accounting, finance, management, marketing or entrepreneurship. Application process required. Minimum GPA and previous coursework will be evaluated prior to approval. A maximum of three credit hours can earned through one internship position. A maximum of six credit hours can be earned in BUS/ACC/ETR/FIN/MGT/MKT 3900r per student through the College of Business with no more than three hours earned per semester. Every semester. Junior standing and approval of internship coordinator. Open to business majors only.  Differential Course Fee will be assessed. Graded on a satisfactory/no credit basis. 
  
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    ETR 4200 - Essentials of Entrepreneurial Finance


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course provides an overall understanding of the segments of the capital markets specializing in start-up and growth financing, and focuses on the various financial concepts, issues, methods and industry practices relevant to entrepreneurial decision-makers. The course addresses a variety of topics including financial analysis, financial planning, business valuation, sources of funds, bankruptcy, expansion, IPOs, and cashing out. Fall and spring semesters.  Prerequisites: FIN 3020 or department head approval.  Junior Standing.  Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 4350 - Managing Venture Growth


    (3) Credit Hours

    Focus is on managing the growth of a young business from the time it has completed the initial start-up phase through harvest. Topics covered include growth strategies, cash flow management, financing for growth, moving from entrepreneurial to professional management, legal issues, marketing on a tight budget, family business issues, management succession planning, and exit strategies. Spring semester. Prerequisites: ETR 3500 or MKT 3500; ETR 4200 or department head approval.  Junior standing. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 4490 - Practicum in Marketing and Entrepreneurship


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course is an elective for both marketing and entrepreneurship majors who are interested in the practical application of marketing and entrepreneurship concepts and theories. Students will work in groups and be supervised in the process of creating a strategic marketing plan for an entrepreneur or small business. Students will learn the analytical processes and decision tools used to develop the different components of a marketing plan. The course also examines various marketing strategies companies use to achieve their objectives and create a competitive advantage. At the end of the semester, each group will present its strategic marketing plan to the respective business owners. Spring semester. Prerequisites: MKT 3130 and 6 additional hours of Marketing or Entrepreneurship with a minimum grade of C in all 9 credit hours, or department head approval. Junior standing. May be registered as MKT 4490. Credit not allowed in both ETR 4490 and MKT 4490. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 4950r - International Business Experience


    (3) Credit Hours

    This course focuses on creating an appreciation of the complexities of operating a business in a foreign context and understanding the economic, political, cultural and social factors at the international level. This course provides students with a truly real-world experience in international business, where they will gain an understanding of other cultures and learn the challenges and opportunities of doing business outside the United States. Students will also participate in business visits and discussions with international business leaders and professors while sharing in a different and unforgettable cultural experience. International travel and final presentation required.
  
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    ETR 4995r - Departmental Thesis


    (1-3) Credit Hours

    Requires University Honors approval. Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 4997r - Research


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. Prerequisites: department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 4998r - Individual Studies


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration.Every semester. Prerequisites: department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ETR 4999r - Group Studies


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. On demand. Prerequisites: department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 

Environmental Engineering

  
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    ENEV 1999r - Special Projects


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Individual or group projects. On demand. Prerequisites: department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 3310 - Environmental Process Principles


    (3) Credit Hours

    Quantitative relations of chemical reactions and physico-chemical processes with environmental applications. Calculations based on gases, vapors, humidity, and process material balances. Study of industrial processes involving thermo physics, thermo chemistry, and heat balances. Lecture 3 hours. Fall semester. Prerequisites: CHEM 1110/CHEM 1110L, MATH 1920 or MATH 1960 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. May be registered as ENCH 3310. Credit not allowed in both ENCH 3310 and ENEV 3310. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4300 - Environmental System Design


    (3) Credit Hours

    Application of systems design techniques to the design of environmental processes. Discussion of case studies including separation processes, waste minimization, resource recovery and recycle, and process utilities. Ethical, health and safety, social and political issues also addressed. Group or individual design project. Lecture 1 hour, Project 2 hours. Spring semester. Prerequisites: ENEV 4330 or ENCH 4330; ENME 3850, ENCE 3850, ENEE 3850, or CPEN 3850 and ENEV 4350, all with minimum grades of C, or department head approval. Credit not allowed in both ENCH 4300 and ENEV 4300. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4310 - Survey of Environmental Engineering


    (3) Credit Hours

    A survey of environmental engineering practice and principles. Fundamental principles including material balances; energy balances; fluid mechanics, reaction kinetics. Applications to water, air and solid systems. Selected municipal and industrial case studies. Lecture 3 hours. Does not count toward Environmental, Chemical or Civil Engineering undergraduate programs. On demand. Prerequisites: minimum of four semesters of laboratory sciences; MATH 1830 or MATH 1910/MATH 1911 or department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4330 - Environmental Process Operations


    (3) Credit Hours

    Fundamental variables of environmental process operations; generalized treatment of mass-transfer operations including separation processes. Application of fundamental principles of continuous and stage-wise separation processes applicable to resource recovery, recycle and reuse. Design project. Lecture 3 hours. Fall semester. Prerequisites: ENME 3070 or ENGR 3070 and ENEV 3310 or ENCH 3310, all with minimum grades of C, or department approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4350 - Environmental Processes Laboratory


    (1) Credit Hours

    Principles of unit operations for physical, chemical, and biological treatment of water and wastewater. Water supply and distribution systems. Wastewater collection systems. Storm water collection and treatment systems. Design project. Lecture 3 hours. Spring semester. Prerequisites: ENCE 2220, and ENEV 3310 or ENCH 3310, all with minimum grades of C, or department head approval. Corequisites: ENEV 4370 or department head approval. Pre or Corequisites: ENEV 4330 or ENCH 4330 or department head approval. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4370 - Municipal and Industrial Waste Management


    (3) Credit Hours

    Survey of the regulations pertaining to industrial and municipal wastes. Including but not limited to toxic and hazardous wastes. Survey of approved collection, transportation and disposal techniques. Design considerations. Case studies. Individual or group design project. Lecture 3 hours. Fall semester. Prerequisites: ENEV 3310 or ENCH 3310 with minimum grade of C, and CHEM 3010/CHEM 3010L, and GEOL 4450 or department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4380 - Water Supply and Waste Water Treatment


    (3) Credit Hours

    Principles of unit operations for physical, chemical, and biological treatment of water and wastewater. Water supply and distribution systems. Wastewater collection systems. Storm water collection and treatment systems. Lecture 3 hours. Spring semester. Prerequisites: ENME 3070 or ENGR 3070 and ENEV 3310 or ENCH 3310 with minimum grades of C, and GEOL 4450 or department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4390 - Air Pollution Control


    (3) Credit Hours

    Principles of control and remediation of contaminated air. Emphasis on design of air pollution control strategies for particulates, VOC’s, SOx and NOx. Scrubbers, combustion and catalytic oxidation. Design project. Lecture 3 hours. Spring semester. Prerequisites: ENCE 2220, ENEV 4330 with minimum grades of C or department head approval. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4995r - Departmental Thesis


    (1-3) Credit Hours

    Requires University Honors approval. Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
  •  

    ENEV 4997r - Research


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. Prerequisites: department head approval. Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4998r - Individual Studies


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Student must submit an Individual Studies/Research Contract to the Records Office at the time of registration. Every semester. Prerequisites: department head approval. Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Differential course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ENEV 4999r - Group Studies


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    On demand. Prerequisites: department head approval. Department may have additional prerequisite requirements. Differential course fee will be assessed. 

Environmental Science

  
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    ESC 1100 - Conservation of Biodiversity


    (3) Credit Hours

    An introduction to systematic ways in which the human mind comprehends the natural world; emphasis on studies of living systems, natural processes, and related phenomena including evolution, population biology, ecosystem properties, biomes, extinction, human overpopulation, deforestation, global climate change, preservation of species, conservation ethics and economics, public policy, and sustainability. Credit not allowed toward Biology or Environmental Science majors if student has previously completed BIOL 1120 or ESC 1510. May be registered as BIOL 1100. Credit not allowed in both ESC 1100 and BIOL 1100. 
  
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    ESC 1500 - Introduction to Environmental Science I


    (4) Credit Hours

    An introduction to systematic ways in which the human mind comprehends the natural world; emphasis on studies of living systems, natural processes, and related phenomena including basic ecological principles and environmental problems at local, national, and global levels. Topics to be covered include evolution, ecosystems, human overpopulation, biodiversity, energy sources, solid waste, and pollution of air, water, and soil. The laboratory integrates the scientific approach and provides hands-on experience in identification of abiotic and biotic factors affecting environmental quality. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: MATH 1006 or MATH 1130 or MATH 1710 or MATH 1720 or MATH 1830 or MATH 1910 and MATH 1911 with a minimum grade of C or Math ACT score of 22 or above or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 1500L or department head approval. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 1510 - Introduction to Environmental Science II


    (4) Credit Hours

    An introduction to systematic ways in which the human mind comprehends the natural world; emphasis on studies of living systems, natural processes, and related phenomena including a focus on local environmental problems. Topics covered include a detailed study of the history of conservation, loss of biodiversity, conventional and organic agriculture, water pollution, global climate change, and environmental legislation. The laboratory is a combination of hands-on experiment and field activities. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: ESC 1500 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 1510L or department head approval. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 1999r - Special Projects


    (1-9) Credit Hours

    Individual or group projects. Maximum credit four hours. On demand. Prerequisites: department head approval. 
  
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    ESC 2500 - World Resources


    (3) Credit Hours

    Location, utilization, production, consumption, and significance of resources to society. Introduction to the vast, interlocking network of activities that produce and affect the world’s use and consumption of resources. Lecture 3 hours. Prerequisites: ESC 1510 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. May be registered as GEOG 2500. Credit not allowed in both ESC 2500 and GEOG 2500. 
  
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    ESC 3400 - Environmental Survey Methods


    (4) Credit Hours

    Field survey methods for compiling of botanical, zoological, geological, and archaeological data. To include mapping, sampling, and recording. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours. Prerequisites: ESC 1510 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 3400L or department head approval. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 3600 - Air and Water Pollution Control


    (3) Credit Hours

    The study of the origin, monitoring and control of air and water pollutants; to include sample taking, testing and observation of procedures used in community laboratories. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: one year of a natural science or engineering and fulfillment of the mathematics and statistics requirement for the respective concentration or department head approval. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4010 - Microbial Ecology


    (4) Credit Hours

    A study of microorganisms in their natural environment with regard to microbial evolution, growth, interactions, dispersal mechanisms, ecological significance, and biotechnology applications. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: BIOL 3110 and CHEM 3010, or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 4010L or department head approval. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4070 - Environmental Conservation


    (3) Credit Hours

    Theories, methods, and practices of environmental management and resource utilization. Emphasis on soil, forest, water, mineral, and human resources. May be registered as GEOG 4070. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4070 and GEOG 4070. 
  
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    ESC 4100 - Environmental Law and Agencies


    (3) Credit Hours

    Survey of national, state, and local environmental agencies, and provisions of environmental laws and ordinances at all levels of government. Emphasis on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Analysis and composition and environmental impact statements. Senior standing or department head approval. 
  
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    ESC 4300 - Problems in Environmental Management


    (3) Credit Hours

    Case history studies of problems in environmental management, with emphasis on the kinds of environmental precautions required in specific situations and on factors contributing to legal challenges to industrial and technological activities which have environmental consequences. Prerequisites: ESC 1510 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. 
  
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    ESC 4380 - Toxicology


    (4) Credit Hours

    Basic principles of toxicology, including physiological responses to toxicants, toxic effects, elimination of toxic agents, fundamental laws governing the interaction of foreign chemicals with biological systems, and toxicity testing methods. Lab component addresses analytical methods for measuring physiological responses to toxicant exposure. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 4 hours. Prerequisites: ESC 1510 or BIOL 3250 with a minimum grade of C; CHEM 3010 and CHEM 3010L; MATH 1130; or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 4380L or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4380. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4380 and BIOL 4380. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4400 - Tropical Marine Ecology


    (4) Credit Hours

    An examination of tropical marine habitats at the species, population and ecosystem levels with particular emphasis on sea grass beds, coral reefs, mangrove forests, tidal rivers and lakes, and the intertidal zone. The required field components is a one-week experience at a field station in the Caribbean. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory/field experience 4 hours. Prerequisites: BIOL 1120 with a minimum grade of C, or ESC 1510 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 4400L or department head approval. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4430 - Bioremediation


    (4) Credit Hours

    A study of the potential use of biological systems in the remediation of areas contaminated with toxic pollutants. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIOL 3060 and BIOL 3150 and BIOL 3250 with minimum grades of C; and BIOL 4220; and CHEM 3010; or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 4430L or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4430. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4430 and BIOL 4430. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4460 - Global Change Biology


    (3) Credit Hours

    A study of the influence and response of organisms to changes in the environment that are global in scale, including climate and land-use changes, from past, present and future perspectives. Lecture 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIOL 3060 and BIOL 3250 and BIOL 3350 with minimum grades of C or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4460. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4460 and BIOL 4460. 
  
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    ESC 4470 - Ecological and Evolutionary Statistics


    (4) Credit Hours

    Exploration of methods used in the collection, analyses, and presentation of ecological and evolutionary data. Experimental design, organizing and visualizing data, summary statistics, non-parametric statistics, univariate and multivariate data analysis; laboratory emphasis on analysis and interpretation of data using statistical software. Prerequisites: BIOL 3250, BIOL 3350, and BIOL 3060 with minimum grades of C or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4470. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4470 and BIOL 4470. 
  
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    ESC 4510 - Environmental and Ecological Genetics


    (3) Credit Hours

    An integration of ecology, genetics, and evolutionary biology with emphasis on applications of genetic concepts in three major areas: molecular analysis, developmental and population genetics. Contemporary approaches to studying evolution in natural populations will be presented. Includes case studies and journal readings to examine evolutionary effects of ecological interactions among organisms. Prerequisites: BIOL 3060 and BIOL 3150 and BIOL 3250 with minimum grades of C, or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4510. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4510 and BIOL 4510. 
  
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    ESC 4520 - Limnology and Reservoir Ecology


    (4) Credit Hours

    Chemical, physical, and biological processes in lake and reservoir systems (nutrient budgets and cycling, hydrodynamics, phytoplankton/ zooplankton/benthic dynamics, and physical similarities and differences in lakes and reservoirs). Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIOL 3060, BIOL 3250 , BIOL 3350, CHEM 1110, and CHEM 1120, all with minimum grades of C, or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 4520L or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4520. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4520 and BIOL 4520. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4540 - Plant Ecology


    (4) Credit Hours

    A study of relationships of plants with their living and non-living environment, explored from the levels of plant individuals, populations and communities. Laboratory component includes hands-on experimentation and field activities developed to assess plant responses to abiotic and biotic environmental conditions. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Prerequisites: BIOL 3060 and BIOL 3150 and BIOL 3250 with minimum grades of C, or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 4540L or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4540. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4540 and BIOL 4540. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4550 - Demographic Analysis


    (3) Credit Hours

    Techniques of measuring and analyzing human population growth and distribution. Emphasis is placed on relationships of human population changes on environmental resources as well as effects of environment on morbidity and mortality. Prerequisites: ESC 1510 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. 
  
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    ESC 4590 - Advanced Topics in Evolutionary Ecology


    (3) Credit Hours

    Exploration of advanced topics in evolutionary ecology. Topics to be focused on include life-history evolution, sexual selection, parental investment, mating systems, social behavior, and/or topics that are the focus of current active research in the field of evolution. Prerequisites: BIOL 3350, BIOL 3250, and BIOL 3060 with minimum grades of C or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4590. Credit not allowed in both ESC 4590 and BIOL 4590. 
  
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    ESC 4650 - Remote Sensing and Imagery Analysis


    (3) Credit Hours

    Principles of aerial and satellite photography and infrared, multispectral, and microwave sensing. Interpretation of remotely sensed data, including application to problems in a variety of environmental sciences. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: GEOG 2210, completion of general education natural science and statistics requirements, MATH 1130, CPSC 1100, or department head approval. Junior standing. Maybe registered as GEOG 4650. Credit not allowed in both GEOG 4650 and ESC 4650. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4660 - Geographic Information Systems


    (3) Credit Hours

    Introduction to fundamental principles of geographic information systems (GIS). Applications, data structures and basic functions of GIS. GIS computer programs are used to demonstrate basic GIS functions. Lecture 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours. Prerequisites: ESC 4650/GEOG 4650 or department head approval. May be registered as GEOG 4660. Credit not allowed in both GEOG 4660 and ESC 4660. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4680 - Introduction to Soil Resources


    (4) Credit Hours

    Introduction  to the study of soils and exploration of fundamental principles of origin, nature and constitution of soils. The geological origin of soils and factors of soil formation. Study of soil’s physical, chemical and biological properties in determining the suitability of land for various uses. The environmental impact of agricultural and non-agricultural soil and land use. Soil erosion and conservation. The conquest of land through 7000 years and the impact human actions. Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 3 hours. Spring semester. Prerequisites: ESC 1510 with a minimum grade of C, or department head approval. Corequisites: ESC 4680L or department head approval. May be registered as BIOL 4680.  Credit not allowed in both ESC 4680 and BIOL 4680. Laboratory/studio course fee will be assessed. 
  
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    ESC 4750r - Environmental Workshops for Teachers


    (1-4) Credit Hours

    Workshops for science educators in environmentally related topics such as the conservation of endangered species, soil conservation, or water quality and water resource conservation. Designed to provide teachers with laboratory or field experiences and materials related to the environmental sciences. May be taken a maximum of three times.
  
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    ESC 4800 - Seminar on the Environment


    (1) Credit Hours

    Seminar and discussion of topics of current environmental interest. Student presentation required. Senior standing or department head approval. 
  
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    ESC 4810 - Politics and the Environment


    (3) Credit Hours

    A political analysis of the conflicting interests involved in implementing policies to protect the environment, develop alternative energy sources, and promote economic growth.
  
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    ESC 4820 - Technology and the Environment


    (3) Credit Hours

    Explores the complex relationships between technology and the environment that have existed since the Paleolithic Period. Special attention to the study of tools for extracting materials and energy from the environment and to the effect of these tools upon the landscape. Prerequisites: ESC 1510 with a minimum grade of C or department head approval. 
 

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